Oh surprise, surprise … Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) – whether patches, gum, sprays or inhalers – has been shown to be relatively ineffective at helping smokers quit and remain non-smokers. Raising important questions as to whether millions of pounds of NHS funds are being wasted.
New evidence raising these doubts over NRT and of course the pharmaceutical industry's massive campaign to promote sales, follows research which found smokers who quit through NRT were just as likely to start again as those who stopped through will power alone.
The ten year study, conducted by Harvard School of Public Health and the University of Massachusetts, discovered that smokers who quit through NRT were just as likely to start again as those who stopped through will power alone.
The new paper – “A prospective cohort study challenging the effectiveness of population-based medical intervention for smoking cessation” by Hillel R Alpert, Gregory N Connolly, Lois Biener – examined the “effectiveness of nicotine replacement therapies either with or without professional counselling, and provide evidence needed to better inform healthcare coverage decisions.
Starting in the 2000, the US researchers followed a representative sample of 1,916 adults which included 787 who had recently quit smoking.
Each participant was interviewed three times, about once every two years during the 2000s, asked about their use of gum, patches and other such products, their periods of not smoking and their relapses.
At each stage, about one-third of those trying to quit had relapsed and the use of replacement products made no difference, whether they were taken for the recommended two-month period or with the guidance of a counsellor.
Significantly the study showed the relapse rate was just as high among those using NRT as though who went “cold turkey.”
Who would have thought it eh? Well this writer for a start. And probably also every hypnotherapist who has successfully helped people to stop smoking with clients/patients who had previously tried patches, gums etc.
Time and again smokers who want to quit the habit have come to my practice room reporting how they had tried NRT but had failed to quit.
Fairly recently one such client was a general practitioner who said he regularly prescribed nicotine replacement for his patients but knew that for most patients it did not work.
The US findings – published in the online edition of Tobacco Control – showed much the same outcomes for both heavy and light smokers irrespective of Is whether or not NRT was accompanied by professional cessation counselling.
It is worth noting that in the United Kingdom the Department of Health generally claims counselling doubles the success rate.
However close examination of the UK figures shows that the failure rate for NRT is over 90 per cent
The study’s lead author, Hillel Alpert from Harvard School of Public Health’s Center for Global Tobacco Control, commented: “This study shows that using NRT is no more effective in helping people stop smoking cigarettes in the long-term than trying to quit on one's own."
"Even though other well-controlled studies have shown that nicotine replacement therapy can be effective, our study looked at real-world use over the long-term. And in the real world, cigarettes are simply a very powerful addiction. And NRT is apparently not an effective replacement for that addiction."
About ten years ago researchers at the University of California, San Diego conducted a large scale survey of NRT – “Impact of Over-the-Counter Sales on Effectiveness of Pharmaceutical Aids for Smoking Cessation” by John P Pierce, PhD; Elizabeth A Gilbin – which also concluded that “since becoming available over the counter, NRT appears no longer effective in increasing long-term successful cessation in California smokers.”